Types of CNC Machining

Types of CNC Machining

CNC machines are pivotal in modern manufacturing, utilising computerised controls to automate tool movements and machining processes. These machines enhance productivity, accuracy, and consistency, making them indispensable across industries.

Types of CNC Machines

    1. CNC Laser Cutters: Utilise a high-powered laser to cut or engrave materials with precision. They are versatile and can work with a variety of materials, including wood, plastic, metal, glass, and ceramics.
    2. CNC Waterjet Cutters: Utilise a high-pressure jet of water mixed with an abrasive substance to cut through materials. They are ideal for cutting materials that are sensitive to high temperatures or for intricate designs.
    3. CNC Routing Machines: Employ rotating cutting tools to hollow out areas of a material, creating shapes or designs. They are commonly used in woodworking, plastic fabrication, and metalworking.
    4. CNC Waterjet Cutting Machines: Waterjet cutters use high-pressure jets of water to cut through various materials, making them versatile for applications in foam cutting, mining, aerospace, and automotive industries.
    5. CNC Grinding Machines: These machines use grinding wheels to remove material for sanding, finishing, or polishing purposes, commonly used in gear manufacturing, automotive, and aerospace industries.
    6. CNC Drilling Machines: CNC drilling machines are ideal for creating holes in materials for various applications such as automobile manufacturing, shipbuilding, and woodworking.
    7. CNC Plasma Cutters: Employ a plasma torch to cut through electrically conductive materials. They are commonly used for cutting steel, stainless steel, aluminium, brass, and copper, among others.
    8. CNC Lathes: Primarily used for shaping cylindrical workpieces. The workpiece is rotated against the cutting tool, allowing for precise cutting, drilling, facing, and turning operations.



CNC machines play a crucial role in modern manufacturing, offering precision, efficiency, and versatility. By understanding the different types of CNC machines and factors to consider when selecting one, manufacturers can optimise their production processes and achieve superior results.

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